Flyvholm, Anne-Mai. ‘Integration, Enlightenment or Rights?: Three Perspectives on Hate Crimes against Muslims in Denmark’. Journal of Muslims in Europe, vol. 9, no. 3, Brill, Sept. 2020, pp. 304–330.
This article examines how Danish Muslim organisations ascribe meaning to hate crimes against Muslims in Denmark. The study is a maximum variation case study of three Muslim organisations. Drawing on intersectional theory, organisations were included that vary on identity markers. While there are great similarities in how the organisations define hate crime, the article argues that they articulate the concept as part of very different socio-political contexts. This suggests that while the organisations in general agree on what hate crime –is–, the organisations’ intersectional identities affect which socio-political contexts they articulate as relevant in relation to hate crime.