Younis, Tarek, and Ghayda Hassan. ‘Second-Generation Western Muslims: A Qualitative Analysis of Multiple Social Identities’. Transcultural Psychiatry, vol. 56, no. 6, SAGE Publications Ltd, Dec. 2019, pp. 1155–1169.
The relationships between social identities are important when discussing the national and religious identities of Muslims in Western contexts. This study explored the identity narratives of second-generation Muslim young adults to consider the relevance of bicultural identity and acculturation theories commonly employed in research with this group. The sample comprised 20 Muslim young adults of diverse ethnicities and backgrounds from Montreal, Berlin, and Copenhagen who participated in semi-structured interviews that explored how they negotiate their social identities in light of their unique life course trajectories. This article focuses on two major themes underlying second-generation identity development: the importance of personal experience in the development of social identities; and the enmeshment of multiple social identities. We then discuss the results of our findings in light of the complex nature of social identity, group membership, and political categorization.