Keskinen, Suvi, Mari Toivanen, and Unnur Dís Skaptadóttir. Undoing homogeneity in the Nordic region: migration, difference and the politics of solidarity. 2019.
This book critically engages with dominant ideas of cultural homogeneity in the Nordic countries and contests the notion of homogeneity as a crucial determinant of social cohesion and societal security. Showing how national identities in the Nordic region have developed historically around notions of cultural and racial homogeneity, it exposes the varied histories of migration and the longstanding presence of ethnic minorities and indigenous people in the region that are ignored in dominant narratives. With attention to the implications of notions of homogeneity for the everyday lives of migrants and racialised minorities in the region, as well as the increasing securitisation of those perceived not to be part of the homogenous nation, this volume provides detailed analyses of how welfare state policies, media, and authorities seek to manage and govern cultural, religious, and racial differences. With studies of national minorities, indigenous people and migrants in the analysis of homogeneity and difference, it sheds light on the agency of minorities and the intertwining of securitisation policies with notions of culture, race, and religion in the government of difference. As such it will appeal to scholars and students in social sciences and humanities with interests in race and ethnicity, migration, postcolonialism, Nordic studies, multiculturalism, citizenship, and belonging.
Table of contents: 1. Narrations of Homogeneity, Waning Welfare States, and the Politics of Solidarity Part 1: Histories of Homogeneity and Difference 2. Forgetting Diversity? Norwegian Narratives of Ethnic and Cultural Homogeneity 3. Myths of Ethnic Homogeneity: The Danish Case 4. Finnish Media Representations of the Sámi in the 1960s and 1970s Part 2: Governing and Negotiating Differences 5. Knowledge about Roma and Travellers in Nordic Schools: Paradoxes, Constraints, and Possibilities 6. Problematising the Urban Periphery: Discourses on Social Exclusion and Suburban Youth in Sweden 7. Welfare Chauvinism at the Margins of Whiteness: Young Unemployed Russian-Speakers’ Negotiations of Worker-Citizenship in Finland 8. Starry Starry Night: Fantasies of Homogeneity in Documentary Films about Kvens and Norwegian-Pakistanis Part 3: Questioned Homogeneity and Securitisation 9. From Welfare to Warfare: Exploring the Militarisation of the Swedish Suburb 10. “Living in fear”—Bulgarian and Romanian Street Workers’ Experiences With Aggressive Public and Private Policing 11. A ‘Muslim’ Response to the Narrative of the Enemy Within 12. Being Unknown: The Securitisation of Asylum Seekers in Iceland